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City of Beaverton's Native Plant of the Month
Artistic Stump - by City Arborist Mark Rawlins
written by Katie Wilson
Colorful Stump - photo by City Arborist Mark Rawlins
Brought to you by the City of Beaverton Landscape and Urban Forestry Crew

Why Go Native?
Arborist Pat Hoff teaching about Native Trees
Arborist Pat Hoff teaches about Native Trees

Native plants and trees need less water and chemicals than non-native species, are more resistant to pests and diseases, and also attract birds, butterflies and other beneficial wildlife to your yard.  Simultaneously, they also reduce erosion and protect water quality.  Help keep our rivers clean and watershed healthy by planting a native on your property.

The City’s commitment to bringing native species to Beaverton has been growing over many years.  To continue promoting native species, the City's Public Works department will highlight a native plant each month for home and business owners to consider when working outdoors.  Keep in mind; it is the home and business owners’ responsibility to maintain street trees located within the right-of-way adjacent to their properties.


Beaverton's Native Plant of the Month for April is...Pacific Willow!
Pacific Willow Flowers
Pacific Willow Flowers

Pictures courtesy of Google Images

Common Name: Pacific Willow

Binomial Name: Salix lucida ssp. Lasiandra

Soil Type: Tolerant, prefers moist

Sunlight: Best in full sun

Plant Type: Large shrub/small tree

Form: Tall, slender

Foliage: Deciduous

Fruit/Flower: Yes (catkins)

 


Why Pacific Willow?
Pacific Willow Form
Pacific Willow Form

Reaching heights of 20 – 60 feet, the Pacific Willow is a short-lived, fast-growing large shrub or small tree.  It grows particularly well in wet, heavy soil, often even found growing in standing water, such as floodplains or riverbanks.  Pacific Willows also attract wildlife by providing food and cover for many species, including deer, elk, mice, and cattle.

Pacific Willow’s thin, green and elliptical-shaped leaves are 4 – 15 cm long and 1 – 3 cm wide, with fine teeth along the edges.  They are dark green and shiny on top, with tiny, soft hairs on the yellow-green bottom.  This native’s flowers are 1 – 9 cm long yellow catkins (slim, cylindrical flower clusters, with inconspicuous or no petals), and its fruit is a glabrous capsule.

The Pacific Willow has long been used for a variety of medicinal uses, including treating sore throats, toothaches, colds, dysentery, stomachache, dandruff, and diarrhea. Willows can also produce salicin, a close relative to aspirin.  Native Americans also used the stems for making bows and baskets, and the bark for making fabric and tea.  For modern landscaping, Pacific Willow is ideal as a screen, a windbreak, and as previously mentioned, for attracting wildlife.

This Native Plant of the Month has been brought to you by the City of Beaverton’s Landscape and Urban Forestry Department along with Clean Water Services.  Visit Clean Water Service’s Native Plant Finder webpage for interactive questions to help you find the right native plant to fit your needs!