Native Plant of the Month: Salal

Picture of Salal.

Common Name: Salal

Binomial Name: Gaultheria shallon

Soil Type: Most soil types, well drained

Sunlight: Sun to partial shade

Plant Type: shrub

Foliage: Evergreen

Salal is very common near the base of trees in a forest setting. They can reach up to 10 feet tall in the right conditions. With well-drained, acidic soil that is shaded they thrive better than if they were out in the open, only being able to reach 1 to 3 feet tall and not as dense. The evergreen leaves are simple with an alternate pattern that measure 1 ¾ “to 4” long. In the summer and fall white to pink flowers with an “urn” pattern are produced which turn into little edible berries.