Spreads/Multiples: Suckers arise from the roots (should be removed)
Plant Type: Tall Shrub/Small Tree
The black hawthorn is native to northern and western North America, but it is unquestionably most abundant in the Pacific Northwest.
The black hawthorn grows as a deciduous small tree or large shrub, reaching a maximum height between 9 and 30 ft tall and up to 15 ft wide. Living up to its name, the branches have sharp thorns about 2 cm long. The green, fan-shaped leaves turn beautiful shades of red in the fall.
This native has edible, dark purple‐blackish fruits called pomes up to 1 cm across, making the black hawthorn ideal for attracting wildlife, including birds and butterflies. The flowers are white with greenish centers growing in clusters near the ends of each thin branch.
Black hawthorns provide food, nesting sites, and thorny cover, making it an excellent small tree for the wildlife garden or hedgerow. It can form thickets if not maintained, which makes the wildlife happy, but not all gardeners.